At The Hill, Rachel Frazin reports that “Delaware Gov. John Carney (D) signed a bill that would give the state’s presidential electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote, according to The Associated Press…In signing the bill, Delaware became the 13th state to join the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact.” Frazin adds,
With the addition of Delaware, states that belong to the compact hold 184 electoral votes, still well short of the 270 needed for a candidate to ascend to the White House — which is also the threshold at which the pact takes effect.
Little Delaware only adds 3 electoral votes to the popular vote interstate compact total. About Two months ago, Colorado joined the list of states enacting similar legislation. Delaware changes the new total of Electoral College votes needed to 86 to insure that the popular vote would determine the outcome of presidential elections.
The smallest number of states needed to enact similar measures would be three states, including Texas (38 EVs), Florida (29 EVs) and Pensylvania (20 EVs). There is a larger number of combinations of four states which could also pass the initiative to end the domination of the Electoral College.
In general, Democrats strongly favor disempowering the Electoral College, while all but a few Repubicans support it, since the GOP has won two presidential elections since 2000, while losing the popular vote
Here is a list of some states that have not yet passed the compact, with the party breakdown of their state legislatures and governorships:
Florida: Repubican Governor, R+6 Senate, R+25 House
Georgia: Republican Governor, R+14 Senate, R+29 House
Michigan: Democratic Governor, R+4 Senate, R+6 House
Minnesota: Democratic Governor, R+3 Senate, D+16 House
North Carolina: Democratic Governor, R+8 Senate, R+10 House
Ohio: Republican Governor, R+13 Senate, R+23 House
Pennsylvania: Democratic Governor, R+4 Senate, R+16 House
Texas: Republican Governor, R+7 Senate, R+17 House
Virginia: Democratic Governor, R+2 Senate, R+2 House
Wisconsin: Democratic Governor, R+5 Senate, R+28 House
There are some other states that could add to the compact’s total. But these are states with the largest number of Electoral Votes.
Of course the Republicans would challenge the constitutionality of the compact, when it achieves the 270 vote threshold. But the Constitution does state quite clearly (Article II, Section 1) that states have the right to determine how to allocate their electoral votes. A nation-wide Democratic landslide in 2020 would be the game-changer.